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What is Abstract Art?
Abstract Art is a new artistic, a style modern art that does not represent an accurate depiction of the visual reality. The representation of real is minimized either completely or partially - only visual elements of external world are extracted on the image. It is also applied to art that utilizes various geometric shapes, structural changes in the subject and colors. Abstract Art carries a moral dimension; however, it can be seen to stand for values like - simplicity, purity, order and spirituality. Art was raised in the search of a new artistic language that seemingly said “modern” as opposed to the pure representation of image.
An issue that crops up while defining abstract art in terms of representation is - “painting a fictional subject or landscape that does not represent anything in reality” but might not qualify as abstraction. Abstract art has to hold the two adages that it is not representational and does not represent anything.
History of Abstract Art
Abstract Art originated in the 19th century; Russian-born Wassily Kandinsky had initiated this movement. His distinctive perspective on the shape and functional parameters of art had visualized sound as color. This unusual perception has led to the guiding force in the evolution of his artistic style. However, modern abstract art emerged in whole in the early 20th century.
If we look at the Roman origins, then the term ‘abstract’ means ‘dragging something away’. In Latin, it translates to “quite forceful”, or even “violent”. It is known as a purposeful indication of distancing, detaching, extraction and relocation. Modern abstract art did not originate from the back door of art history; hence it had also been offered in a wealth of guises by the artists from a great variety of perspectives.
Modern abstract art manifests the most profound spiritual and philosophical concerns of the 20th century person. The 1980s briefly outlined the evolution of modern abstraction by presenting new challenges and thereby offering new opportunities for Abstract art paintings.
Unique facts of Abstract Art
Abstract art is one of the basic forms of artistic expressions. It seeks the simple representation of external things. It presents the plastic situations that focus more on the formal and structural aspects, elaborating the plastic language for creating an autonomous effect while moving with alluring effects.
Types of Abstract Art
Abstract artists you must know about:
The Russian Painter, Wassily Kandinsky was known as the ‘Father of Abstract Art Painting.” He had participated in various artistic movements before abstractionism like impressionism. He had undergone a short expressionist phase. He concentrated over the language of shapes and colors and introduced inventiveness into the art.
A German painter, Franz Marc was passionate about the art of children, primitive and mentally ill people. He chose animal studies as some of his favorite themes. Under the influence of Kandinsky, he understood that the essence of beings is revealed in the art of abstraction.
The French painter - Jean Dubuffet was inspired by the art of children and extremely enthusiastic people. He had searched various forms of art and explored the raw art. He did not give importance to historical and cultural references and looked for ideas within himself.
Dutch pioneer of abstract art had developed the beginning of the landscape to abstract geometric works of the most rigorous type. His canvases were painted from pure, intense colors and straight lines.
1. When did abstract modern art come to India?
- The abstract modern art had come to India in cubist and semi-cubist style during the 1960s and 1970s.
2. What is the intent of abstract art?
- Abstract Art is influenced by the ideas and philosophies of abstraction. It is based on ideas and philosophies, color, lines and shapes (form).
3. What are the famous paintings of abstract art?
- The famous paintings of abstract art are Kandinsky’s Composition VII; Malevich’s Black Square; Miro’s Bleu II and Pollock’s Blue Poles.